Scientists Warning Europe (SWE) have written a letter to UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, urging him to cut the carbon neutral target by 20 years to 2030. The letter was backed by 20 renowned scientists, involving people affiliated with UNFCC and the IPCC. Demonstrating that more is needed in these desperate times in order to prevent the worse case scenarios from happening in the coming years.
‘Even within the most intensive future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission scenarios, higher levels are assessed to be unlikely. However, some studies conclude that considerably greater sea level rise could be realized, and a number of experts assign a substantially higher likelihood of such a future’
Stating further how predictions fall short from the reality of the situation.
‘We find that future projections estimated on climate model responses fall below extrapolation based on recent observational records. This comparison suggests that the likely upper level of sea level projections in recent IPCC reports would be too low’
This is troubling as this could mean we have less time than expected to reverse the temperature of the planet before sea levels rise to such a degree that a global amount of coastal areas are lost among other things.
Approximately 80,000 scientists from 7 continents have issued a statement urging world leaders to avoid further degradation of marine ecosystems.
The societies which these scientists are a part of has call on world leaders and the public to act and protect aquatic ecosystems which we all depend on. Stating that these ecosystems are now under more threat than ever before in human history. In their statement. experts in the environmental, social and economic sectors have collectively realised that we are heading toward a drastic environmental and humanitarian crisis.
The Bank of England has been criticised for funding carbon-intensive companies during the pandemic. The Environmental Audit Committee has stated that companies should disclose their climate related activities when receiving funding.
Many of the 230 companies which have received funding are said to produce a lot of carbon emissions. Since June 2020, it has been estimated that 56% of Covid funding has been allocated to high carbon sectors.
If you needed a more prominent reason to cut back on chocolate other than losing weight, deforestation and climate change is a valid enough reason to stop.
As of 2019, a news website published an article stating:
‘Back in 2009, Mars Inc., maker of M&M’s, Milky Way and other well-known staples of the chocolate space, publicly promised to switch entirely to sustainable cocoa. In the past decade, however, deforestation has only accelerated’
‘the continued deforestation only serves to further tarnish the reputation of chocolate brands already under fire for ongoing child labor practices in West African cocoa fields’
I feel the awareness around this topic is not as well known as many people believe which is troubling. Furthermore, a study investigated illegal deforestation and cocoa farming, they found:
‘Thirteen of 23 protected areas surveyed have lost all primate populations’
‘unless illegal cocoa farming is similarly controlled, even effective enforcement of anti-hunting laws will not prevent the loss of additional primate diversity, since habitats capable of supporting primate populations – including those within protected areas – will no longer exist’
This is an issue as with many luxuries which are abundant in developed countries, not many people tend to question where or how these luxuries make it to our shops. Therefore, in order to preserve the biodiversity of our planet more needs to be done internationally to protect these areas which are now becoming few and far between due to continuous profiteering efforts.
Prince Charles has recently announced the formation of the Earth Charter which is being launched alongside the Natural Capital Investment Alliance.
It aims to mobilise $10 billion towards environmental issues by 2022, something which he was discredited for back in the 1970s when discussing the state of the natural world.
He hopes that this new charter will help unite more people in the effort to tackle the issues surrounding climate change.
With key figures recognising what needs to be done and their funding and support alongside this recognition helps create more opportunities for climate action. It allows more people to be involved and do their part physically, as many people cannot provide this kind of support financially.
As well as this disease, scientists have claimed that other problems also threaten their lives such as net entanglement, chemical threats and occasionally vessel collision. Specifically, the disease in question is likely to occur after heavy rainfall. As we know one of the consequences of climate change is unpredictable and severe weather patterns, as a result these salt water mammals are suffering from this sudden outburst of rainfall.
Recently, Boris Johnson has promised more State action in regards to climate change and has urged world leaders to do the same. The recent Climate Ambition Summit, productive debates were formed around the issues of climate change and how best to tackle them.
Hopefully, from the conclusion drawn out of these meetings more international cooperation and active solutions can better slow the progression of our changing climate and restore stability in the coming years.
In recent news, the University of Aberystwyth have conducted research funded by their Change project, reporting predictions based on the early signs of climate change. Using prediction models and climate data from 1901 to 2100, Aberystwyth University has found that eco-systems and water run off may be gone in the near future, as well as contributing to sea levels rising.
This will not only affect the eco-systems amongst the mountains themselves but also negatively impact people and other areas nearby. Negative implications for drinking water, crops, irrigation, sanitation and hydro power will start degrading, making life surrounding the vast regions encompassing the Alps more inhospitable.
Not only has the university reported that looking at the Alpine mountain range is one of the most visible and early warning signs of climate change; they also concluded that by 2050, the majority of glaciers below 3.500 meters in this region are likely to be gone by this point.
In summary, this highlights the early warning signs researchers are starting to recognise in relation to climate change and the negative impacts for life on our planet which will follow if we do not change in the coming decades.
It has recently been reported by Brazil’s space agency (INPE) that the deforestation of the Amazon rainforest has reached a new high. Deforestation of the Amazon, which is mostly illegal, takes place in order to make space for meat production or production of soya and other crops. With the decline of biodiversity in one of the largest rainforests on the planet, this presents a serious threat to the planet’s sustainability and its potential to store carbon emissions.
Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, has not helped the situation by promoting development within the rainforest and cut funding to federal agencies which issue fines to those breaking environmental law.
In 2019, the Amazon rainforest was also subject to mass burning for the likes of those wanting to profit from the land which was left behind. As one of the planet’s largest reserves of biodiversity, indigenous communities and carbon storage it is inevitable that climate change will worsen with more deforestation occurring.